SHORT S25 SUNDERLAND
Title: Short S25 Sunderland
The Short Sunderland was developed from the Short Empire class of flying boats which were used to carry mail and passengers to the outposts of the British empire. First flown in 1937, it became the standard long-range RAF flying boat, with extensive offensive and defensive armament and a 20 hour endurance. It eventually had up to eighteen defensive machine-guns, the most of any aircraft and earning the German nickname “the porcupine”.
The initial versions had Bristol Pegasus engines, but as weight crept up the Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp engine was introduced for the Mk 5 version. This version remained in RAF service until 1959, and in RNZAF service until 1967. A total of 749 examples of all Sunderlands were built.
This title contains the flight manuals (titled Pilot’s Notes) for the three main variants of the Sunderland which saw service with the RAF. The files have been copied from the original flight manuals and retain any colour pages.